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          Food assistance from World Food Programme (WFP)
          Collaboration with ICRISAT
          Collaboration with PRDIS
          Collaboration with IGKV
          Collaboration with Line Departments

Food assistance from World Food Programme- In the year 2002-2003, the programme received 500 MT of rice and 41 MT of pulses as food assistance from WFP. Under WFP works every labourer is paid 2.5 KG rice and 200 gram pulses costing Rs. 10 only while as the prevailing market rate of there commodities is Rs. 18-20. Rs. 10 is deducted from their wages. The rest amount of the wages is paid in cash The rest amount of the wages is paid in cash as per minimum wage rate of State.


                       SPD & Chairman, TDS

The deducted Rs. 10 is deposited in Gram Kosh (village fund) The amount of these Gram Kosh is used for the expansion of the WF programme in other villages. The food assistance from WFP is being used for people' participatory works and specially for works related to land and water management.

Mr. Victor Emanval


Colaboration with ICRISAT:-

The programme has entered into a partnership with the Hyderabad based International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics. In the Kharif season 2002-2003. ICRISAT provided improved varieties of Groundnut. The result obtained was very encouraging. In Shankargarh block the production was 7.12 Qtl per acres. For the current Kharif season we have received 10 quintals of pigeon-pea.

  Pigeon-pea farmer

Dr. SN Nigam with farmers

Training on field

Hill Korwa Farmer

Technical support from ICRISAT:-

A field trial on farmer’s fields for improved varieties of groundnut and pigeon pea was taken- up under ICRISAT's "Programme Farmer  Participatory Improvement of Grain Legumes in Rainfed Asia". A much larger programme  is  being planned   for   next   Kharif   season. ICRISAT has agreed to provide back-up technical support and supply of some quantity of improved varieties of seeds.

Yearwise result of Farmer On-Farm Trials for Groundnut is given below :-

(Variety ICGV91114, 86590, 89164)
Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
















































Seed (qtl.)
















Area Covered (acre)
















Production in qt

















Collaboration with PRDIS:-

The programme would support the following activities:-
(i) Development of farmer based technology generation
(ii) The support to local research institutions for formal research programmes requested by the beneficiaries.
(iii) Through the Watershed Management Fund, a subsidy of not more than 20% of any on-form investment in the upland or middle land of a micro-watershed.

Development of farmer-based technology generation:-

echnology generation would be achieved through the establishment of Farmers Field School (FFS). The FFS is a method that aims at encouraging farmers to analyse their own agricultural system by collecting data in the field, analyzing it, taking decisions based on this analysis, and presenting their decisions to other farmers for "peer review" and further refinement by the group. It is based on the belief that, given an enabling climate and element of knowledge-factors that they had access to before- farmers will reading add their own skills and experiences to the new knowledge to develop solutions that respond exactly to their needs.


Farmers Field School:-

An FFS would consist of a group of about 20 farmers, subdivided for the purposes of the field activities in to three or four sub-groups of 5-6 farmers, The groups could be mixed or single sex depending on the cultural traditions of the area, but in any case women participation would be strongly encouraged. The FFS would be implemented by Self-selecting groups of farmers. FFS groups would be assisted by the partner NGOs acting as facilitators, bringing in the additional resources the group require, organizing and providing training to the groups, and giving logistical support.

FFS activities was taken up  with the guidance of a experts from Participatory Rural Development Initiatives Society (PRDIS, Hyderabad), the concept of farmers Field School was initially started in one cluster of 5 villages (Chakeri, Basen, Salhi, Ghatbarra and Parsa) in Udaipur block of Surguja district. 125 Farmers (more than 50% women) are targeted for this Kharif Season. 
In the context of expansion 4 facilitators along with the Farming System Specialist are undergoing field based training by the experts. Therefore in order to implement the concept in more Programme villages in a cost effective manner, the Line Department and University scientists have to be engaged for technical support and guidance. Training visit was done for the Project team comprising of Project Staff and representatives from FNGO.   To initiate FFS with Rabi Paddy, these villages have been selected in Dharmjaigarh block of Raigarh and two villages in Mainpat block of Surguja district. Efforts are being made under the continuous guidance of experts to teach the farmers the latest technologies in agriculture for improving p

Year Number of FFS


2004 05 98
2005 12   115
2006 33 465
2006 (RABI) 17 216
2007 (Kharif) 32 496
2007 (Rabi) 121 142
2008 (Rabi) 20 276
Total 99 1390

Support to Formal Research Institutions:-

The Programme would also provide support to local research institutions, such as RMD college of Agricultural and Research Station Ambikapur, Regional Agriculture Research Station Raigarh, ICRISAT, IGKV Raipur or any other research institution selected by the Tribal Development Society for carrying out research programs on topics of interest to farmers during the FFS.

Ground Nut Plants

Ground Nut Production 2002

Provision of fund-

Sufficient fund would be allocated for training and implementation of activities regarding FFS in the financial year 2003-2004.

Pest Management-

There are many low cost pest management technologies known which could be tested by the FFS. The use o herbs (neem, dhatura, karang,wood apple, lacti etc), low urine and aches have given promising results under certain conditions.

Collaboration with IGKV:-

The programme is also supported by Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur. One of the scientists from IGKV has been appointed as a nodal officer with regards to provide technical inputs and supports in agriculture related activities, especially in implementing the Farmers Field Schools a new technique of agriculture in the programme area. IGKV is also providing high yield seeds to farmers of programme villages such that the villagers are boosted with the good results striving from these kinds of supports.

The programme is also taking the assistance of IGKV in translation of different study materials related to agriculture production. In 2008-09 IGKV has been proposed with high yield seeds of pulses.

Collaboration With Line Departments:-


The Programme needs the following general guidance and help from the line departments-

1.    Guidance to GS/PEC/Tech. Committees for drawing the development plan (Resource Management Plan) of the village

2.   Participation in training programmes, giving technical back-up to FNGOs and other agencies.

3.   Linkage of Gram Sabhas with existing activities of the departments.

4.  Involvement in Action Research activities.In addition, in execution of the livelihood enhancement activities, the programme requires effective co-ordination with the different line departments.

1.     Agriculture Department:-

Land and Water management is an important activity for livelihood systems enhancement and it includes –

1.    Micro Watershed management- land and water conservation measures.

2.    Establishment of land and water management fund at village (Gram Sabha) level.

3.    Rural potable water supply

4.    Access tracks, Rural roads

5.    Farmer based technology generation through Farmers Field Schools.

6.    Multiplication of high yield varieties of seeds received from ICRISAT Hydrabad.

7.    Provision of inputs, credit and technical support for establishment of agro- forestry plots.

8.    Crop diversification


Required Support :

1.   Preparation of plan and implementing the FFS concept on pilot basis

2.   Training of staff of Agriculture department, FNGOs and Project Staff on the FFS concept.

3.   Awareness raising and capacity building for crop diversification, land husbandry and crop husbandry.

4.   Linkage with agricultural colleges and research centers for technical back-up.

2.     Forest Department:-

Community based Forest Management is new to the programme area. The CFM model for this programme may be defined as process of utilization, development and conservation of forest resources for continually improving the livelihoods of households and communities through indigenous, traditional, facilitated or a combination of these efforts by the community. The basic framework for CFM in the programme area already exists in the 1988 National Forest Policy and the 1996 Constitutional Amendment. The 1996 Constitutional Amendment has mandated that "natural traditional village (Gram Sabha)" in scheduled tribe areas be recognized as development, administrative and political units. The amendments have also transferred the ownership right over minor forest produce (non-timber forest products) to the Gram Sabha.




CFM would be carried out in two stages-

1)      CFM Promotion- Awareness building for CFM, establishment of CFM committee at the village level, training of CFMC members in the formulation of micro-plans and need assessment, Micro-plan formulation of the selected CFM forests.

2)      Implementation of Micro-plan.

 CFM also includes the following initiatives-

1-   Establishment of CFM fund at the Gram Sabha level.

2-   Provision of group farm forestry

3-   Support to the processing and marketing of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs)

4-   Studies and Action Research-

Forest product marketing study, NTFP regeneration action research,

Implementation Arrangements-

The primary responsibilities for the implementation will lie with the Gram Sabha, which will also act as CFM committee. The Gram Sabha would select its own Executive Committee (EC). Members of CFMC will thus undertake micro planning and forest treatment works themselves under the supervision of the CFMC-EC. NGOs would provide all technical and organizational support to the communities in the implementation of CFM programme.


Limitation of JFM:

                  CFM would be a radical shift from the existing JFM policy. JFM by and large remains the programme of the forest department and hence it becomes dependent upon external funding support. In JFM emphasis is only on protection rather than joint management of the forest with the local communities. Visualization of the JFM programme as means rather than processes has severely constrained a community infrastructure to stem from the programme and own the forest resources. In JFM there is more emphasis on area coverage than on capacity building.


Role of Forest Department:

1)   Preparing plan of action for implementing the CFM sub-component.

2)   Guidance to CFM-Executive Committee. in preparing the micro-plan for regeneration and development of forest (as per needs of communities)

3)   Execution of a MoU between CFMC, Tribal Development Society and Forest department.

4)   Awareness raising and capacity building of the beneficiaries for taking up farm forestry to reduce dependence on forest.

5)   Support to the processing and marketing of NTFPs.

6)   Support in studies and action research.


3.     Department of Fisheries:

Aquaculture is an important sub-component of Livelihood System Enhancement Component. The objective of the sub-component is to support the state govt. to improve adoption of fish culture management systems by developing the planning and implementation of aquaculture development to Aquaculture Self Help Groups accessing support through the Gram-Sabha. The programme support the livelihood of the poor people through a range of aquaculture interventions which includes-

1.   Formation of Common Interest Groups (CIGs) interested in aquaculture.

2.   Technical and financial support to them for aquaculture activities combining small-scale fish  production, fish breeding, fry and fingerling production, wild fish enhancement in paddy fields, fry transportation etc with other production systems.

3.   Facilitated access to aquaculture option for women and landless and marginal farmers focusing on fish breeding, fish transport and homestead fish culture.

4.   Imparting adaptable technology ideas through Farmers Field Schools (FFSs).

5.   To facilitate participatory monitoring and evaluation of the effects of aquaculture activities.

                   Support from Departments:

1)   Identification of water bodies for aquaculture activities- Allotment of water-bodies of small areas to Women Aquaculture SHGs.

2)   Preparing plan of action for small-scale fish breeding, seed production, fry and fingerling production, transportation to facilitate expansion of aquaculture.

3)   Support to beneficiary groups in implementing the activity.

4)   Involvement in Farmers' Field Schools.

5)   MoU with Tribal Development Society for action research.


4.     Veterinary Department:

Livestock are wide spread in the project area and are central component of livelihood system across the spectrum of household wealth status. They also feature greatly in natural resource management systems and connect to most if not all components of farming systems. The project livestock component proposes to overcome the major existing constraints so as to pave the way for poverty-focused and environmentally-sound livestock development in a holistic watershed context, through the following activities-

1.   Support to livestock production improvement through village animal health programme. The project aims one Village Livestock Worker (VLW) in each village. These VLWs will be trained and will be provided first-aid kits.

2.   Individuals from project villages will be trained in basic animal health care and disease prevention so that they may return to their villages to provide services.

3.   Livestock are widely preferred as small investments by poor tribal households in the project area. Poor households are provided small credits from the Village Credit Fund.

4.   Fodder development programme to increase the nutritional status of animals.

5.   Grazing management is fully discussed as part of the Gram Sabha Resource Management Plan. Emphasis on managed grazing rather than free grazing.

6.   Action research on fodder and breeding development.

7.   Small fund to pay for vaccinations through camps.


Support from departments

1.   Preparing plan of action for training etc of VLWs.

2.   Action research in fodder and breeding

3.   Vaccination of animals (on payment if necessary) in health camps

4.   Technology development for livestock system

5.   Support to VLWs by supply vaccines and linkage with veterinarians,

6.   First-aid kits supply.


5.     Health & Family Welfare:

Health awareness, namely, that health is a right of every person living in the village, will be promoted. To bring health within the reach of the people, health promotion and prevention of disease will be emphasised. Nutrition, sanitation, and hygiene will have to be addressed. Given the poor nutritional status of the people, specially the children and pregnant mothers, food securing would have to be addressed. The health project would be gender and equity sensitive and would be closely linked to the grass-root organizations. There will be one Community Health Volunteer (CHV) per village or for a population of approximately 500 inhabitants. There will be one trained Dai (TBA) per village or more in the case of dispersed hamlets. An initial training of CHVs for about 4-5 days in the block centre will be conducted. The initial training will be followed by another 4-5 days training after every 6 months for the next 2 years. These CHVs will be provided medical kits. For the distance villages, where usually health services are not available, the Mobile Health Team would be visiting. Combining western (allopathic) medicine with the accepted and beneficial herbal remedies would increase the confidence and participation of the tribals in the health project.  




Support Required:

1.    Preparation plan of action for training of CHVs and providing them medical kits.

2.    Provision of medicines for Mobile Health Clinics.

3.    Providing medical equipments for blood test in the mobile clinic.

4     Arranging meetings of CHVs with medical officers.




Copyright 2002 Chhattisgarh Tribal Development Programme