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CDM Approach Through Chhattisgarh Tribal Development Programme.

Chhattisgarh Tribal Development Programme (CTDP) along with International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFDA), a specialized agency of UN, has formulated an innovative poverty alleviations programme in three districts Sarguja, Jashpur and Raigarh in the state of Chhattisgarh. The target groups consists of all households in the hamlets, habitations or villages in selected micro-watersheds in which the tribal, primitive tribal groups (PTG) and scheduled-caste population form not less than 50% of the total population and where most of the households live below the poverty line. Tribal and non-tribal populations would both be part of the target group, but the tribal population would represent the largest share. The programme would focus on the poorest and most vunerable including tribal women, youth and children, PTGs, hill cultivators, scheduled castes, and landless, marginal and small farmers.

To devlop and implement a replicable model that ensures household food security and improves livelihood opportunities and overall quality of life of the tribal population based on sustainable and equitable use of natural resources.

The programme covers the following selected districts and blocks in Chhattisgarh.  



1. Sarguja 

 Kusmi, Shankargarh, Lundra, Udaipur, Mainpat

2. Jashpur 

 Patthalgaon, Bagicha, Manora

3. Raigarh 

 Dharmjaigarh, Tamnar

A Gram Sabha was formed in every selected natural village, which in turn was form the project implementation committee (PIC) for preparation of plan for development activities in the village. Gram Sabha was also formed the other technical committees like Watershed Committee, Community based Forest Management Committee, Village Credit Committee, etc. for assistance in the implementation. Technical guidance and other assistance to these committees were provided by the Line Departments, faciliating NGO's, etc. Thus, the tribal community through Gram Sabha would access their development needs and plan and implement appropriate development activities.


Community Bio-gas project:

    Under CTDP community biogas plants was installed with the help of CREDA. Each household will utilise the dung of its cows to feed the digester for the production of biogas for cooking purpose and heating of hot water. The aim of the project is to replace the commonly used inefficent wood fired mud stoves technology, with clean, sustainable and efficient biogas. This will save the fuel wood and fossil fuel and will reduce the Green House Gas (GHG) emission.

Decentralised Vermicomposting Pit:

    This project category comprises recovery and destruction of methane from manure and wastes from agricultural activities, which would be decaying aerobically emitting methane to the atmosphere in the absence of project activity. Methane emissions are prevented by installation of vermicomposting pit. Earlier inorganic fertiliser was used for agricultural purpose. These organic fertilisers are reducing N2O emission from agriculture. Total number of pits will be about 2700 and size of each pit is 3x2x0.5m.

Reforestation in watershed land:

    There are 103 ha watershed land was use for reforestation activity and nearly 100 ha are in planning stage.

    These initiatives are taken into consideration to develop as Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects under UNFCCC     by Chhattisgarh Tribal Development Programme (CTDP) in association with CTRAN Consulting Pvt. Ltd., (a BASIX group         company).


Copyright 2002 Chhattisgarh Tribal Development Programme